Supportive measures for plant genetic resources
Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection (BMELV) has established in 2005 a programme for model and demonstration projects for conservation, sustainable use and innovative approaches to the utilisation of agrobiodiversity and is providing financial means by an annual budget specifically dedicated for conducting surveys and inventories in the area of biodiversity. Furthermore the Federal Program for Organic and Sustainable Farming (BÖLN) has 2011 established the promotion of plant genetic resources.
Furthermore, there are special programmes in place to promote research, development and demonstration projects on renewable resources (Agency of Renewable Resources, FNR), on organic farming as well as a new programme (2006) on innovations in agriculture which supports inter alia sustainable use of plant genetic resources in plant breeding or crop production.
At present, two Bundeslaender specifically support on farm management of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture in Germany. In Brandenburg, for example, the "Programme on Cultural Landscape" (KULAP) offers amongst others support for the cultivation of approx. 40 landraces out of six crops, which are endangered by genetic erosion.
The Act on the Joint Task for the Improvement of Agricultural Structure and Coastal Protection (Gemeinschaftsaufgabe "Verbesserung der Agrarstruktur und des Kuestenschutzes" - GAK) forms the national legal basis for support (2009 - 2012) in accordance with the "principles governing the promotion of market- and site-adapted land management", including the cultivation of plant genetic resources, with financial participation by the Federal Government.