The importance of domesticated and farm animals as animal genetic resources
In Germany the spectrum includes horse breeds, like "Schwarzwaelder Kaltblut", various cattle breeds, e.g. "Rotes Hoehenvieh", and pig breeds, like "Buntes Bentheimer Schwein". Also there is a broad diversity of breeds and populations of sheep, goat, poultry and rabbit as well as wildlife species that are worth maintaining. This great variety of animal genetic resources is of major significance because of its contribution to the agricultural value chain and its potential value as genetic basis for future requirements in human nutrition. The ecological importance results from the use of adapted hardy breeds in nature conservation and landscape protection. Moreover, since domestic and farm animal breeds evolved over thousands of years, they have a great cultural value.