Framework for the conservation and sustainable use of Animal Genetic Resources
Management and use of animal genetic resources are subject to political and legal frameworks, international agreements, national laws and regulations. There are various committees and responsibilities which are actively dealing with the implementation of measures and programmes.
- The monitoring, i.e. the regular check of the population genetic status of the indigenous farm animal breeds, is the most important requirement. The regular consolidation of the data of individual animals from herdbooks, the comparison of the data, and the check of the data banks for consistency and plausibility will in future enable a far-reaching and altogether objective and scientifically sound statement as to the degree of endangerment of a population. On this basis, the indigenous breeds are classified by the National Committee into different categories of endangerment.
- The establishment, design, maintenance and management of a National Cryobank of the endangered indigenous farm animal breeds is another central objective of the National Programme. This measure serves to safeguard the breeds' genetic potential in the long term, and as a component of sustainable breeding programmes. First, at least hundred portions of sperm of at least 25 sires (if possible not related to each other) per endangered indigenous breed are to be stored.
- Another goal is the development of sustainable breeding programmes aiming at the conservation of genetic resources. These programmes have to be formulated, incorporated in the herdbook systems of the breeders' associations and, finally, to be implemented by breeders, with the breeders' associations' technical support.