The International Plant Treaty, in force since 2004, regulates ABS for the crop sector in a multilateral system. It is excluded from the scope of the Nagoya Protocol as a special agreement.
The Nagoya Protocol entered into force in 2014 as a supplemenary agreement to the CBD. It provides the legal framework for regulating access to genetic resources and/or the associated traditional knowledge and the sharing of the benefits arising from their use.
All Nagoya Protocol Parties are required to check that their users comply with the relevant ABS regulations. The EU Regulation lays down uniform provisions for all EU Member States to comply with this obligation.
The Regulation (EU) No 511/2014 is supplemented by the National Implementation Law, which identifies the competent authorities and determines obligations cooperation duties for users and sanctions for infringements.