The Nagoya Protocol is a binding international agreement that provides the framework for national regulations governing access to genetic resources and the equitable sharing of benefits arising from their use.
The term "digital sequence information" stands for a current debate on how to deal with information on the molecular composition of genetic resources in the context of conservation, sustainable use and Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing.
Until the CBD came into force (1993), biological resources were widely regarded as the common heritage of humanity and were considered freely accessible to all. Then the CBD reaffirmed the sovereign right of states over their biological resources.
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