ABS stands for Access and Benefit Sharing. Access means access to genetic resources; benefit sharing stands for an equitable sharing of the benefits arising from their use.
The International Plant Treaty, in force since 2004, regulates ABS for the crop sector in a multilateral system. It is excluded from the scope of the Nagoya Protocol as a special agreement.
How does national and international law regulate access to genetic resources and the associated traditional knowledge the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from their use?
What must a user of genetic resources from agriculture and food in Germany observe in order to comply with the law regarding ABS?
Ex-situ collections can be involved in the implementation of ABS regulations in different ways and at different levels. These are summarised here.
The term "digital sequence information" stands for a current debate on how to deal with information on the molecular composition of genetic resources in the context of conservation, sustainable use and Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing.
Until the CBD came into force (1993), biological resources were widely regarded as the common heritage of humanity and were considered freely accessible to all. Then the CBD reaffirmed the sovereign right of states over their biological resources.