Wild pear Rare tree species

The wild pear (Pyrus pyraster (L.) Burgsd.) is endangered nationwide. The reasons for this rarity and endangerment lie in its weakness in competition with forestry tree species, which - also due to a lack of silvicultural support - displaces it from used forests in peripheral and extreme locations.

Wild pear (Pyrus pyraster (L.) Burgsd.)

The wild pear is classified as an endangered tree species throughout Germany. The reasons for its rarity and endangerment lie in its competitive weakness in relation to forestry tree species, which displaces it and - also due to a lack of silvicultural support – in managed forests in peripheral and extreme locations. A second threat is the genetic mixing with cultured pears, which can occur in the course of generative reproduction.

Most of the approximately 14,000 wild pears identified in Germany are mainly found in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania, Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, north-eastern Württemberg and north-western Bavaria.

Important gene centres in Germany can be found in southern Germany, in Franconia, in northern and central Thuringia, in the area of the middle Elbe and in northern Brandenburg as well as in the coastal region of Mecklenburg-West Pomerania.

Contact

+49 0228 6845-3385

Dr. Michaela Haverkamp

Federal Office for Agriculture
and Food
Unit 331
Deichmanns Aue 29
53179 Bonn

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